A 1. Learning is fast
2. Knowledge is composed of isolated facts
3. Being good at a subject is a matter of talent
4. “I’m good at multitasking”
B Personally, I know I can sometimes have a bit of a defeatist attitude when it comes to math and science because subjects like English and history come way easier to me. It's good for me to keep in mind that a large part of academics is studying and practicing, not just giving up if it doesn't come easily.
C Metacognition is how aware you are that you understand the material so that you can study as much as you know you need.
A The most important factor in successful learning is how you think about what you’re studying.
B Deep processing is thinking about the significance behind a concept, not just thinking about the concept itself.
C Maximizing focus: I need to avoid switching between social media and other tabs while I’m on my computer doing homework or watching videos (and I especially need to avoid looking at my phone).
Using accurate metacognition: Reading the textbook doesn’t necessarily mean comprehending the concepts; I should be productive and work through things I don’t understand rather than just going through the motions.
Deep processing of important concepts: Knowing an equation relating to kinematics doesn’t mean I understand how to apply it to different situations or what they mean. Memorizing equations and definitions isn’t a productive use of my time.
Practicing retrieval and application: I should be able to figure out how to apply the concepts I’ve learned to diverse situations, which I can learn to do by practicing examples.
Elaboration: I can make associations between two types of motion or examples that have similar properties.
Distinctiveness: I can distinguish different topics from each other by comprehending how two concepts are different from each other because otherwise I could mistake one concept for another.
Personal connection: Significant events that I can relate to a physics concept will make it more likely that I remember that concept.
Appropriate retrieval and application: Practicing applying knowledge to different problems will help me learn how to successfully apply different concepts to different situations.
Automaticity: Instead of getting work done just to do it, as I usually do with my other homework, I need to aim at creating a new studying system that will actually help me to comprehend the material.
Overlearning: I should aim to have the material understood days before I take the test so that I have time to review even more.
A What is “shallow processing”?
How do concept maps help deeply reinforce information?
How can practice problems be used to practice recalling knowledge?
Why is taking notes by hand preferable to notes on a computer?
How is taking quick, brief notes different from trying to record the whole lecture in terms of levels of processing?
Give an example of a time when practice tests have helped you improve your metacognition.
B Notes taken on video lessons should be brief, not just a recording of the entire video, and you should be thinking about what is being said instead of just mindlessly recording it. Concentration is important, and so you shouldn’t be pausing and switching between computer tabs. The video format is beneficial in that you can pause and record important information you missed immediately and don’t have to write so quickly that you focus on writing instead of understanding the material.
A If an exam goes poorly, avoid panicking or doing into denial.
B Positive steps to take after failing an exam include identifying how you prepared for the test and acknowledging your mistakes, going over the exam to see what you did wrong, analyze your weak area(s), check you missed in your notes, and improve your study strategies.
C Put in the time you need, have as few distractions during studying as possible, attend classes, set yourself realistic goals, don’t “slide” by dedicating time to one class over another, and be attentive of details that would be easy to lose points over.