Although you may not realize it, there is physics in everything you do! It is especially apparent in activities like sports, including softball. The majority of the time, this physics has to do with momentum with the hitting as well as fielding.
First, when fielding the player must be able to judge the rate at which the ball is coming towards them. By seeing the distance, realizing how high and at which angle the ball was a hit at, they are able to do that. This helps them decide whether to run in on the ball or back up so they can catch it. Once the fielder has the ball in their glove, they then have to make the decision on where to throw it. When doing this, they have to take into account the how fast the runner is going and if the ball will be able to make it to the base before the runner in order to get the out. When throwing the ball, you want it to release it at about a 45 degree angle. This is because the flatter the throw, the faster the ball will get to its destination.
In addition, there is tons of physics during batting. The batter wants to make sure that they have quick hands so they are able to time the ball right from when it comes off the mound. Once the have the timing down, they need to be able to compensate for the pitch that is thrown and how it is coming towards you. For example, if it is a fast ball, you want to hit the ball at a 45 degree angle because once it makes contact with the bat, it will usually cover the most distance and it wont be a pop fly or a grounder. This betters your chances of getting on base. When batting, you also want to make sure that you follow through with your swing. Load, which means bringing your hands and shoulders back and shifting your weight, and then swing extending your arms fully and then bringing them around your body. You also want to turn your hips and shift your weight while swinging because there will be more momentum. This will turn the potential energy into kinetic energy. Last, remember that the faster the pitch comes in, the faster it goes out when you hit it, so don't be intimidated by fast pitchers!
Thanks for reading!