At the time of writing the Magnetism unit has come and gone and perhaps writing this is more for show than anything. Nevertheless, I have something to prove by showing the internet that for a mediocre high school student I can be resourceful yet in paraphrasing the magnetism Wikipedia page. It is enough to know the math of something and then venture to take an exam where the capability to succeed is at your fingertips but the concept of magnetism defines the models that work, so the underlying mechanism of magnetism is a pressing issue indeed. In the ancient world, magnetism is observed in naturally occurring lodestones, magnetite and iron alloys whereupon the natural philosophers of bygone times poured over speculations and experiments formulating the modern model that our current science is based on. So what I can grasp of magnets is that electrons have a quantum angular momentum directed in a certain way. This angular momentum is intrinsic and because the Pauli exclusion principle, no two electrons with the same spin. So imagine the mass movement of an uncountable number of electrons oriented the same way there would be a larger magnetic movement throughout the material which is normally iron and thus creates ferromagnetism.
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